Greek Mythology - Meet the Greeks

Answer Key - Meet the Greeks:  Heroes in Greek Mythology

  1. Achilles - Great warrior in the Trojan War; after being dipped into the River Styx, he became immortal except for his heel.
  2. Agamemnon - King of Mycenae who led war against the Trojan
  3. Aphrodite- goddess of love and beauty
  4. Ares - god of war
  5. Artemis - goddess of the hunt and the moon
  6. Athena - goddess of wisdom; poetry, and art
  7. Atlas - Titan who carried the world on his back
  8. Calypso- sea nymph that held Odysseus prisoner for seven year
  9. Cronus - god of agriculture, father of the Titans
  10. Daedalus- Greek architect who built the Labyrinth for KIng Minos of Crete
  11. Dionysus - god of celebrations and festivals
  12. Echo- a mountain nymph who was punished by Hera to only be able to repeat the last words that she heard; eventually she faded away and all that was left of her was her voice
  13. Europa - mother of King Minos; continent of Europe is named after her.
  14. Gaia - goddess of the Earth
  15. Hades - god of the underworld
  16. Helio -god of the sun
  17. Hera - goddess of the goddesses and women; wife of Zeus
  18. Hermes - messenger god and god of commerce and travel
  19. Hestia - goddess of the home
  20. Icarus - son of Daedalus who perished by flying too close to the      sun with waxen wings
  21. Io - was turned into a cow by Hera because she was jealous of her
  22. Medusa - famous Greek monster who had snakes for her hair, anyone who looked at her would turn to stone.
  23. Menelaus - King of Sparta whose wife, Helen, was abducted which led to the Trojan War
  24. Midas - King who wished that everything he touched would turn to gold
  25. Narcissus - died looking at his reflection in the waters of a Spring
  26. Nike - goddess of victory
  27. Odysseus - hero of Homer’s epic tale of Odysseus and his trip home from the Trojan War.
  28. Pandora - her curiosity led her to open a box that contained all evil and misery
  29. Paris - son of the King of Troy, who was abducted as an infant and raised by shepherds; he chose Aphrodite’s bribe to find the most beautiful women, Helen, which begins the Trojan War.
  30. Pegasus - flying horse; father was Poseidon and his mother was Medusa
  31. Penelope - wife of Odysseus
  32. Persephone - daughter of Zeus and Demeter, goddess of agriculture; abducted by Hades to be his wife in the underworld;
  33. Perseus - slayer of the Gorgon Medusa
  34. Poseidon - god of the sea, earthquakes and horses; brother of Zeus; son of Cronus and Rhea
  35. Prometheus - Titan who was known for his intellect; also god of fire
  36. Psyche - Greek word for soul
  37. Rhea - known as mother of the gods and daughter of Uranus and Gaea, married to Cronus; mother of Zeus
  38. Theseus - Hero from Athens who kills the Minotaur of Crete
  39. Zeus - Chief god of the gods and humans; also the sky god and weather god; sender of lightning, thunder, rain, and wind
  40. Hercules - strongest of all mortals, son of Zeus and brought victory to the Olympians over the Giants

Meet the Real Greeks

 Identify each with one statement.

  1. Socrates - Greek philosopher who encouraged his pupils to think for themselves by questioning; this type of thinking became known as the Socratic Method.
  2. Plato - Greek philosopher who was a student of Socrates and best known as the writer of The Republic, which describes an ideal society of justice.
  3. Aristotle - Greek philosopher who was a student of Plato who taught that everything in life should be in moderation or in balance; he was also the tutor for Alexander the Great.
  4. Euclid - Greek mathematician who taught the study of geometry.
  5. Hippocrates - Greek scientist who was known as the “Father of Medicine;”  Medical professionals take the Hippocratic Oath as a commitment to their patients.
  6. Archimedes - Greek scientist and inventor who used levers, pulleys, and inclined planes to explain concepts in physics.
  7. Pythagoras - Greek mathematician who used his theorem to measure angles and triangles.
  8. Herodotus - known as the Greek “Father of History and for naming the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  9. Thucydides - Greek historian who wrote the “History of the Peloponnesian War.”
  10. Eratosthenes - Greek Scientist who accurately measured the circumference of the Earth.